Science (12 jan 07) has an article about an archeological site in southern Russia, Kostenki, on the river Don. It claims that Kostenki is the earliest site occupied by modern humans in Europe, dating to around 45 to 42K years ago.

Since it is hypothesized that this was the direction from which R1 people entered Europe, could this represent an example of such movement? The site doesn't seem to have yielded any human remains, other than a couple of teeth.

Interesting quote: "Also unclear is the relationship between the Kostenki industry and the earliest dated Upper Paleolithic remains in SC Europe [...] the early UP assemblages of each region may represent separate routes of dispersal of modern humans entering Europe".

R1 vs I ?

cacio