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  • #61
    Caggegi - Cagge

    ULRICA BRUNIUS CAGGE
    Ekeby, Uppsala, Sweden

    BEATHA CAGGE
    1730 Muolaa, Viipuri, Finland

    CHRISTINA HOLOPAIN CAGGE
    Tuusniemi, Kuopio, Finland

    Zingali - Zing

    A. Barbara Zingg
    1660 Einsiedeln, Schwyz, Switzerland

    Azzolina - Azzalin

    Catterina AZZALIN
    09 NOV 1808 Zlarin, , Dalmatien Kroenlande, Austria

    Serraino - Serrano

    Antonia ADORRET SERRANO
    Abt 1729 Jativa, Valencia, Spain

    Raciti - Raisi

    Leonardo Raciti
    1788 Giarre, Catania, Sicily, Italy

    ELISABETH CATHARINA RAISI
    1646 Evangelisch, Seeheim, Starkenburg, Hessen

    Katharina Rais
    5 Jun 1792 Busenweiler,Freudenstadt,Baden-Wuerttemberg,Germany

    Maria dos Rais
    29 DEC 1677 Nossa Senhora Da Guadalupe, Porto Da Cruz, Funchal, Portugal

    Agathe Rais
    About 1807 Of Chx-De-Fonds, , Neuchatel, Switzerland

    Anita De RAIS
    26 Jul 1858, Bruenn, Maehren, Austria

    Anne DERAIS
    About 1795 FRANCE

    Comment


    • #62
      why have 2 threads the same?

      Comment


      • #63
        The Migration Route Of Sicilians

        It seems like all the women of the Sicily Project are all descendent of macro - haplogroup R. Clearly all the women tested have all come from east of the Black Sea.

        Many of the Sicilian men tested are descendents of all these macro - haplogroups: M89, M35 (E3B), M343 (R1B) and M17 (R1A).

        Most of the men tested are descendents of macro - haplogroups: M89 and M35. Clearly there are two types of men coming from NthEst Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.

        This explains the diversity among the people of Sicily.

        Comment


        • #64
          More Sicilian Nobility

          I - FAMIGLIE NOBILI
          La venuta de' Normanni in Sicilia e poi di molti altri re in più tempi portò in Sicilia una quantità di famiglie nobili che si divisero nelle diverse città del Regno. E poichè Paternò fu città demaniale gran tempo e poi specialmente città appartenente alla Camera della Regina, perciò stesso e per essere anche luogo abbondante di viveri, e atto alla caccia, e vicino a Catania, dove particolarmente abitarono i Re Aragonesi, fu scelto a domicilio di molte nobili famiglie che accrebbero lustro e decoro alla Patria. Testimonio di questa nobiltà oltre gli antichi documenti, è il Langueglia, il quale nell'elogio di D. Francesco Moncada e Luna discorrendo dei motivi per cui a Paternò e non ad altro feudo, dei molti che quegli avea, fosse dato il nobil titolo di principato, cosi dice: "Ma quello che forse più affezionò a questo luogo l'animo del principe Don Francesco, è l'habitarvi molte nobili Famiglie, che signorilmente si trattano....” Si aggiunga che in Paternò dallo stesso Principe di Paternò D. Cesare Moncada, fu eretta la Compagnia dei Bianchi o dei Nobili, dove, appresso il nome di quel Principe e dei suoi consanguinei D. Ferdinando e D. Camillo Moncada., siegue nelle antiche tabelle quello dell' Abate di S. Maria di Licodia e di molti Patornesi. L' altra Congregazione poi degli Agonizzanti era anche composta di nobili , e l’Alessi ricorda che fra gli altri ne erano confrati Mons. D. Andrea Reggio Vescovo di Catania, il Marchese delli Magnisi e il Barone di Casal Giordano. Tutto ciò viene anche comprovato dalla reciprocanza delle mastre, patornese e catanese, e dagl'innesti de' matrimoni di cui l'Alessi (La Perla Pol.) cita i seguenti:
          D. Alvaro Paternò di Catania con D.a Eleonora Mauro, che vedova passa a secondo letto con D. Carlo Tornabene di Catania.
          D. Ottavìo Tornabene di Catania con D. Antonia Mauro.
          D. Giuseppe Marino di Catania con D. Prudenzia Giudice.
          D. Diego Marino di Catania con D. Giuseppa Gammarella.
          D. Francesco Riccioli di Catania con D.Vincenza Fiorillo.
          D. Cesare Statella di Catania D. Giovanna Cardonetto.
          Il D.r Cosmo Nepita di Catania con D. Isabella Cardonetto
          D. Alessandro Bonajalo di Catania con D. Isabella Stella.
          D. Cesare Statella di Catania con D. Blandimante Stella.
          D. Ascanio Riccioli di Catania con D.a Vincenza Fiorillo.
          D. Gabriele Abate di Catania con D. * * * Stella.
          D. Cataldo Fimia di Catania con D. Rosaria Guzzardo.
          D. Giuseppe Fimia di Catania con D. Grazia Alessi.
          D. Orazio Tedeschi dì Catania con D. Rosaria Clarenza.
          D. Ercole Ventimiglia di Randazzo con D. Nunzia la Farina.
          D. Francesco Amore di Piazza con D. Agata Ciancio.
          D. Tomaso Damiano di Randazzo con D. * * Ciccia.
          D. Francesco La Via di Nicosia con D. Paola Fiorillo
          D. Antonio Fisauli di Randazzo con D. Carmela Garzia.
          D. Vincenzo Agras di Taormina con D. Domenica li Testi
          D. Antonino Polizzi di Troina con D. Anna Savuto.
          D. Antonino Valguarnera di Nicosia con D. Isabella Savuto.

          E cosi pure:
          D. Giuseppe Cardonetto di Paternò con D. Isabella Moncada.
          D. Antonio Stella di Paternò con D.** Statella di Catania.
          D. Gregorio Alessi di Paternò con D. Eleonora Ricciolidi Catania.
          D. Giuseppe Clarenza di Paternò con D. Gaetana Paternó di Catania.
          D. Francesco Moncada di Paternò con D. Giuseppa Paternò di Catania.
          D. Carlo Clarenza di Paternò con D. Gaetana Gravina di Caltagirone.
          D. Alessanrdo Clarenza di Paternò con D. Anna Trigona di Piazza.
          D. Antonio Moncada di Paternò con D. Agata Marcello da Messina.
          D. Giuseppe Moncada di Paternò con D. Giovanni Aceto di Nicosia.
          D. Giuseppe Alessi di Paternò con D. Anna Romeo di Randazzo.
          D. Natalizio Savuto di Paternò con D. Anna La Via di Nicosia.
          D. Mazziotta Savuto di Paternò con D. Giuseppa Alarcon di Troina.

          Da queste notizie dell'Alessi , dalla tradizione e da documenti proprii si rivela che nobili famiglie patornesi erano o sono le nominate de Mauro, Del Giudice, Gammarella, De Moncada, Fioríllo, Cardonetto, Stella, Guzzardo, Alessi, Clarenza, La Farina, Ciancio, Garzia, Li Testi, Savuto, De Ajello, De Amore, Galifi, Casas o Lascasas, Ansaldi, Ciccia, Stizzia, Battiati, Truglio, Caprara, De Alessandro, Gaudio, Farace, Musco, Bellia, Monsecado, Taberna, Sammarco, Failla, Sinocolfo.

          Con che non voglio intendere queste e non altre essere state o essere tuttavia le sole famiglie nobili del paese, non avendo io fatto uno studio particolarissimo sull'assunto e potendo altri, per avventura interessati, trovar documenti che li accreditano nobili. Il mio intendimento è stato solamente quello di presentare come nobili le accennate famiglie, nè per le ragioni anzidette credo di essermi ingannato.

          Comment


          • #65
            Russo & Caggegi names

            Caggegi - Gaggi, Messina

            There is a good chance that my (R1b - Norman) came from "Gaggi, Messina, Sicily, Italy"

            Caggegi - means pilgrim;


            The name of the small town derives from Arabic Hagg and means "pilgrim". It has been changed in the Norman period into Scaggi and later into Kaggi and such it has remained till 1939. The village was founded by Muslims in the IX century and it was later dominated by Swabians-Normans. During Norman domination it was given by Roger II to the Monastery of Savoca. Later, till 1639 has been a part of Taormina. Then it has belonged to some feudal families: Berriles, princes Branciforte of Scordia and to marquises De Spuches and it has been in their possession until 1760.

            http://sicilia.indettaglio.it/eng/co...ggi/gaggi.html


            Russo

            Definition: This southern Italian variation of the ROSSI surname which means "red-haired or ruddy-complexioned individual." Derived from the nickname "rosso," meaning ' red.'

            There is a good chance that my wife (U5a1a - Nordic) came from Russia/Nordic regions of Europe.

            http://genealogy.about.com/library/s...name-RUSSO.htm

            Comment


            • #66
              Interesting Big Family/What Haplogroup?

              Hey that's a nice,big,interesting family and history you've got there-though I'm kinda interested in my own-unless you want to adopt me and take me to Sicily,and teach me the art of making Lemoncello.By the way can anyone be a citizen of Italy or does it help to be Italian? Just wondering. Celebrities live anywhere they want,don't they?But they can afford to live above the riff raff that real natives,live daily.I mean have you ever heard of a N.European movie star being gunned down by the Don Pablo Mafioso Family? Me neither.But real authentic Italians get blown up every day,'cause it's their own neighborhood and they got real stakes in it.Of course you could get blown up anywhere by anybody ,nowadays,especially with all these closet,crazed,muslims,lurking about. Jambalaia32

              Comment


              • #67
                There you go again!

                Originally posted by Jambalaia32
                Hey that's a nice,big,interesting family and history you've got there-though I'm kinda interested in my own-unless you want to adopt me and take me to Sicily,and teach me the art of making Lemoncello.By the way can anyone be a citizen of Italy or does it help to be Italian? Just wondering. Celebrities live anywhere they want,don't they?But they can afford to live above the riff raff that real natives,live daily.I mean have you ever heard of a N.European movie star being gunned down by the Don Pablo Mafioso Family? Me neither.But real authentic Italians get blown up every day,'cause it's their own neighborhood and they got real stakes in it.Of course you could get blown up anywhere by anybody ,nowadays,especially with all these closet,crazed,muslims,lurking about. Jambalaia32
                If I didn't think you were just trying to be provocative (still not sure about that), I'd be offended. Yes, the mafia does exist, both here in the U.S. and in Sicily. But I grew up in New Jersey, like the Sopranos, with Sicilian grandparents and never heard about any mafia activity by relatives. One of my favorite movies is The Godfather, but because it's a great movie with great acting by Al Pacino, not because it's a mafia story.

                I don't think there is much actual harm done to Italian-Americans by mafia references, so it doesn't really bother me. However, I do object to your references to Muslims ("Of course you could get blown up anywhere by anybody ,nowadays,especially with all these closet,crazed,muslims,lurking about.") in a social situation where they're the new boogeyman. Maybe you're just joking around, but you give the impression you're saying that every Muslim should be suspected of being a terrorist or supporting terrorism. Spreading stereotypes and fear is not the way to solve problems. Maybe that's something you should think of before you type something like that.

                You should read up on the history of Sicily. When the Muslims ruled Sicily from about 850 to 1070, they improved the agriculture of the island and brought knowledge about Plato and classical Greek science to the Christian population there. So back then, the Muslims were the more civilized ones. Obviously things have changed since then. But if we understood world history better, at least we'd have some perspective about how all ethnic groups have contributed to progress at one time or another.

                Mike Maddi
                Co-administrator of the Sicily Project

                Comment


                • #68
                  C'mon Mike, just because mafia is so far from my and your life I think we shouldn't get offended.
                  Italians have already shown they have a lot of flaws but being "crotchety" is definitely not one of those...

                  Comment


                  • #69
                    Kaggi means Redbeard in Danish.

                    Caggegi - Kaggi

                    'A man named Kaggi, the Danish name for Redbeard'.

                    I do have 4 Exact Matches in Denmark (R1b).

                    Comment


                    • #70
                      The origin of the name Gaggi

                      On the origin of the name Gaggi: The Puzzollo I Seal in a vocabulary toponymic Sicilian Messinese, retains that the place name "Gaggi", you derive from the Arabic one "Karigi" that translated means "Channel of water".

                      In the sicilian test of etymology, Giuseppe Gioeni translates the Arabic voice "Kaligi" with stream of water (torrentello), that derives from the limit Kalig, transformed in Galiggi and finally, in "Ga (them) ggi" become locally Gaggi. Such name from the Arabic, likely, was given to the locality where later on risen the country. Another version does to be derived Gaggi from the etimo "Kaggi" that means Head, a noble one Arabian that it is assumed have been based on the country.

                      Comment


                      • #71
                        Keg: From Old Norse kaggi

                        Keg: From Old Norse kaggi

                        Seems like the Normans that went to Gaggi - changed even the Arabic meaning of the town.

                        I could be related to a Norman (Danish) Red-Bearded Keg maker, or
                        A Norman how came from the town - Kaggi / Scaggi.

                        Comment


                        • #72
                          Keg

                          Keg: A small barrel or cask. Icelandic kaggi (a keg), Swedish kagga, Norwegian kagge (a keg, a round mass).

                          http://www.viking.no/e/england/e-viking_words_2.htm

                          I have exact matches with:

                          Iceland: 4
                          Sweden: 2
                          Norway: 3

                          Comment


                          • #73
                            More Sicilian meanings

                            Last Name: Raciti Italian: from Greek rakhites ‘mountain dweller’.

                            Last Name: Caggiano - Caggegi Southern Italian: habitational name from a place in Salerno province named Caggiano, from the Latin personal name Cavius.

                            Last Name: Palermo Italian and Jewish (from Italy): habitational name from the Sicilian city of Palermo, the Greek name of which is Panormos, from pan ‘all’ + ormos ‘gulf’, ‘bay’, probably in the sense ‘wide gulf’, but possibly ‘well-protected bay’.

                            Last Name: Mazzeo Southern Italian: from the personal name Mazzeo, a variant of Matteo, Italian equivalent of Matthew.

                            Last Name: Merlo Italian and Spanish: nickname from Italian and medieval Spanish merlo ‘blackbird’ (Latin merula). In the Middle Ages this bird seems to have been regarded at times as foolish and gullible, and at other times as cunning and wily. In some cases the surname may have arisen as a metonymic occupational name for a bird catcher.

                            Last Name: Patti Italian (Sicily): habitational name from Patti in Messina province, Sicily.

                            Last Name: Todaro Italian: from the Greek personal name Theodoros (see Theodore).

                            Last Name: Theodore - Todaro French (Théodore) and English: from the personal name Théodore (Greek Theodoros, a compound of theos ‘God’ + doron ‘gift’), which was relatively popular in the Middle Ages because of its auspicious meaning. There was considerable confusion with the Germanic personal name Theodoric (see Terry). As an American family name, it has also absorbed various other European cognates, e.g. Greek Theodorakis, Theodoropoulos.

                            Last Name: Russo Italian: from the personal name Russo, southern variant of Rosso, a nickname for someone with red hair, a red beard, or a ruddy complexion.

                            Last Name: Foti - Fuoti Southern Italian: from the Greek personal name Photios, a derivative of Greek phos ‘light’ (genitive photos). Hungarian (Fóti): habitational name for someone from a village called Fót in Pest county.

                            Last Name: La Rosa Southern Italian: from rosa ‘rose’, a topographic name for someone living by a prominent rose bush (see Rosa). Spanish: habitational name from any of the places called La Rosa in southern Spain, or short form of the family name de la Rosa (see Rosa).

                            Last Name: Rosa Italian and Catalan: from rosa ‘rose’ (Latin rosa), applied in part as a topographic name for someone who lived where wild roses grew, in part as a habitational name for someone who lived at a house distinguished by the sign of a rose, and in part as a nickname for someone with a pink, rosy complexion. Portuguese and Spanish: in most cases a short form of a name such as (de la) Rosa (Spanish) or (da) Rosa (Portuguese), or occasionally from the female personal name Rosa. Polish and Czech: from the vocabulary word rosa ‘dew’, ‘juice’, ‘sap’, applied as a nickname.

                            Last Name: Renna Southern Italian: variant of Renda. Last Name: Renda Southern Italian: probably from a personal name, a derivative of Lorenzo or from a feminine form of the personal name Rendo, a variant of Rando. Italian: habitational name from a place called Renda.

                            Last Name: Rando Italian (Sicily): from the Germanic personal name Rando, in part a short form of such names as Bertrando (see Bertram) or Randolfo (see Randolph). Last Name: Letizia Italian: from a female personal name derived from the Latin name Laetitia, meaning ‘happiness’, ‘gaiety’ (from laetus ‘joyous’, ‘happy’).

                            Last Name: Serra - Serraino Italian, Portuguese, and Catalan: topographic name from Italian, Portuguese, Catalan serra ‘ridge or chain of hills’ (Latin serra ‘saw’). Italian: habitational name from any of various places named with serra ‘ridge’ (see 1 above), as for example Serra d’Aniello and Serra Pedace (Cosenza), Serra San Bruno (Vibo Valentia), Serracapriola (Foggia). Catalan: habitational name from any of various places, in Valencia and Catalonia, named Serra or with Serra, as for example Serra d’Almos or Serra d’en Galceran. Catalan (Serrà): topographic name for somebody who lived by a sierra, from Catalan serrà, an adjective derived from serra ‘mountain range’.

                            Last Name: Zingale Italian: from a variant of zingaro ‘gypsy’ (see Zingaro).

                            Last Name: Zingaro Italian: ethnic name or nickname from zingaro ‘gypsy’.

                            Last Name: Aliberti Italian: patronymic from the Germanic personal name Aliberto (see Albert).

                            Last Name: Albert English, French, North German, Danish, Catalan, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, Slovenian, etc.: from the personal name Albert, composed of the Germanic elements adal ‘noble’ + berht ‘bright’, ‘famous’. The standard German form is Albrecht. This, in its various forms, was one of the most popular of all European male personal names in the Middle Ages. It was borne by various churchmen, notably St. Albert of Prague, a Bohemian prince who died a martyr in 997 attempting to convert the Prussians to Christianity; also St. Albert the Great (?1193–1280), an Aristotelian theologian and tutor of Thomas Aquinas. It was also the name of princes and military leaders, such as Albert the Bear (1100–70), Margrave of Brandenburg. In more recent times it has been adopted as a Jewish family name.

                            Last Name: Ace - Azzo - Azzolina English: from a Norman and Old French personal name, Ace, Asse, from Germanic (Frankish) Azzo, Atso, a pet form of personal names containing adal ‘noble’ as a first element. Possibly an Americanized form of German Atz, which has the same origin as 1.

                            Last Name: Atz - Azzolina South German: from the Germanic personal name Azzo (see Ace).

                            MyFamily.com Inc.

                            Comment


                            • #74
                              AZZALI - AZZALIN - AZZALINI (Germanic)

                              Azzali è tipico del parmense, Azzalin è tipico della zona del delta del Po nel rovigoto, Porto Tolle e Porto Viro, Azzalini è della zona tra trevisano e bellunese, zona di Fregona e Vittorio Veneto (TV) e Tambre (BL), dovrebbero derivare da modificazioni del nome Ezzelino, a sua volta originato dal nome medioevale germanico Ecelo, ricordiamo il famosissimo condottiero del 1200 Ezzelino da Romano.

                              Azzali is typical of the Parmesan, Azzalin is typical of the zone of the delta of the Po in the rovigoto, Tolle Port and Porto I turn, Azzalini is of the zone between trevisano and bellunese, zone of Fregona and Vittorio Veneto (TV) and Tambre (BL), would have to derive from modifications of the Ezzelino name, in its turn originated from the medioevale name Germanic Ecelo, we remember the most famous condottiero of the 1200 Ezzelino from Roman.

                              AZZI - AZZINI - AZZINO - AZZO (North Italian)

                              Azzi sembra tipico del mantovano con ceppi anche nel parmense e nel ferarrese, Azzini è specifico della zona che comprende bresciano e mantovano, Azzino è praticamente unico, Azzo, quasi scomparso è emiliano, derivano dal nome medioevale Atto o Azzo di cui abbiamo un esempio nel 900: "...Atto fuit primus Princeps, astutus ut hidrus, nobiliter vero fuit ortus de Sigefredo Principe praeclaro Lucensi de Comitatu. ...", con Azzo d'Este e più tardi sono famosi Azzo da Correggio nato a Parma nel 1303, marchese di Correggio e signore di Parma, Berceto, Guardasone, Guastalla, Colorno e Brescello ed Azzo di Malaspina nella seconda metà del 1300.

                              Adzes seem typical of the mantovano with stocks also in the Parmesan and in the ferarrese, Azzini is specific of the zone that comprises bresciano and mantovano, Azzino is practically only, Azzo, nearly scomparso is emiliano, derives from the medioevale name Atto or Azzo of which we have an example in the 900: "... Action fuit primus Princeps, astutus ut hidrus, nobiliter true fuit ortus de Sigefredo Prince praeclaro Lucensi de Comitatu....", with Azzo d' famous Este and later are Azzo from Correggio been born to Parma in 1303, marquis of Correggio and gentleman of Parma, Berceto, Guardasone, Guastalla, Colorno and Brescello and Azzo di Malaspina in the second half of 1300.

                              BONDANZA (North Italian)

                              Cognome poco diffuso che parrebbe avere più di una zona d'origine, la provincia di Milano, di Genova e forse anche nelle Puglie. Parrebbe derivare da un nome augurale tardo latino Abundantia (abbondanza).

                              Little diffused last name that origin zone parrebbe to have more than one, the province of Milan, of Genoa and perhaps also in the Puglie. Parrebbe to derive from a name augurs them late Abundantia Latin (abundance).

                              CAGECI - CAGEGI - CAGEGGI - CAGGECI - CAGGEGGI - CAGGEGI - GAGGEGGI - GAGGEGI (Arabic)

                              Tutti questi cognomi sono assolutamente rarissimi, sicuramente siciliani, dovrebbero derivare da soprannomi originato dal vocabolo arabo haggag (pellegrino, di chi va in giro per il mondo), ma è pure possibile un collegamento con il termine dialettale gagghiu (dal colore marezzato, pezzato).

                              All these last names are absolutely rarest, sure sicialian, would have to derive from nicknames originated from the Arabic word haggag (travelling, of who go in turn for the world), but a connection with the dialectal term gagghiu (from the marezzato color is also possible, pezzato).

                              Comment


                              • #75
                                FOTI (Greek)

                                Molto diffuso, sembra originario della Sicilia orientale e Calabria meridionale, potrebbe derivare dalla troncatura del nome medioevale Fotinus di cui abbiamo un esempio nel V° secolo: "...consilio episcoporum vel presbyterorum et cuncte ecclesie catholice dyacono ecclesie Thessalonicensi nomine Fotino...", o dal nome greco bizantino Fotius ricordiamo Fotius patriarca di Costantinopoli e con lo stesso nome l'esarca d'Italia nel VII° secolo.

                                Much diffusing, seems original of the Sicily orients them and southern Calabria, could derive from the channel of the medioevale name Fotinus of which we have an example in the V° century: "... consilio episcoporum vel presbyterorum ET cuncte catholice ecclesie dyacono ecclesie Thessalonicensi Fotino nominations...", or from the Greek name bizantino Fotius we remember Fotius patriarch of Costantinopoli and with the same name esarca of Italy in the VII° the century.

                                GIULIANI - GIULIANO (North Italian)

                                Molto diffuso in tutta l'Italia peninsulare Giuliani, mentre Giuliano copre tutta l'Italia con un grosso ceppo in Piemonte e in tutto il sud, potrebbe essere stato originato dal nome Giuliano o da toponimi quali: Giuliano di Lecce (LE), Giuliano di Roma (FR), Giuliano Teatino (CH) o altri simili.

                                Much diffused in all peninsular Italy Giuliani, while Giuliano covers all Italy with a large stock in Piemonte and all the south, could have been originated from the Giuliano name or toponimi which: Giuliano of Lecce (LE), Giuliano of Rome (FR), Giuliano Teatino (CH) or other similar ones.

                                MAZZEO (Southern Italian)

                                Tipico dell'Italia meridionale, dovrebbe derivare da toponimi come Mazzeo (ME) o San Mazzeo (CZ)

                                Typical of southern Italy, it would have to derive from toponimi like Mazzeo (ME) or Saint Mazzeo (CZ)

                                PATTI (Southern Italian)

                                Molto comune in Sicilia, deriva dal toponimo Patti (ME).

                                Much common one in Sicily, derives from toponimo the Patti (ME).

                                RACCHETTI - Raciti - (Lombardic)

                                Molto raro, sicuramente lombardo, probabilmente del mantovano, ma potrebbe essere anche originario del sudmilanese e cremasco. Troviamo nei primi anni del 1700 un Giuseppe Racchetti parmense pittore a Reggio Emilia e poi a Brescia.

                                Much rare, sure Lombardic one, probably of the mantovano, but could be also original of the sudmilanese and cremasco. We then find in the first years of a 1700 Giuseppe Racchetti Parmesan painter to Reggio Emilia and to Brescia.

                                RENNA (Greek)

                                Tipico di Campania, Puglia e Sicilia, dovrebbe derivare da una modificazione del nome greco Rhendes, in alcuni casi può anche derivare da toponimi, in alcuni casi scomparsi, come Renna di Casal di Principe (CE), Renna (RG), Renna (BR), Renna (CS), Selva Renna (AV) o molti altri, troviamo tracce di questo cognome nel 1500 a Tricase (LE) con 'architetto Antonio Renna che nel 1524 condusse la costruzione del castello di Caprarica (LE).

                                Typical of Campania, Puglia and Sicily, it would have to derive from a modification of the Greek name Rhendes, in some cases can also derive from toponimi, in some cases passings, like Reindeer of Casal of Prince (CE), Reindeer (RG), Reindeer (BR), Reindeer (CS), Forest Reindeer (AV) or many others, we find traces of this last name in 1500 to Tricase () with ' architect Antonio Reindeer that in 1524 lead the construction of the castle of Caprarica ().

                                RUSSI - RUSSO (Italian)

                                Russi sembrerebbe specifico delle Puglie, mentre Russo è molto diffuso in tutt'Italia, deriva da soprannomi dialettali legati alla caratteristica della colorazione dei capelli o della carnagione del capostipite. Tracce di questo cognome si hanno già nel 1200, in un atto del 7 febbraio 1279 redatto in Lunigiana viene citato un giudice Russo con un figlio notaio, vi si legge infatti: "...bona fide et sine fraude in omnibus et per omnia, pres. supr. iudice, coram dom. Russo iudice et Francischino not.° eius filio in curia...". Nel 1400 a Napoli troviamo un notaio Francesco Russo, nel XVI° secolo, in Sicilia, a Militello si trova un tal frate Bernardo Russo, erudito francescano che insegnò nelle principali cattedre dell'Ordine, facendosi apprezzare per le suevaste conoscenze.

                                Russians would seem specific of the Puglie, while Russian it is much diffusing in tutt' Italy, derive from dialectal nicknames legacies to the characteristic of the coloration of hats or the complexion of the prototype. Traces of this last name are had already in 1200, in an action of 7 written up February 1279 in Lunigiana come cited a Russian judge with a son notary public, you law in fact: "... bona fide ET sine fraude in omnibus ET for omnia, pres. supr. iudice, coram dom. Iudice Russian ET Francischino not.° eius filio in curia... ". In 1400 to Naples we find a notary public Russian Francisco, in the XVI° century, in Sicily, to Militello finds a such Russian Bernardo friar, erudite Franciscan who taught in the main chairs of the Order, making oneself to appreciate for suevaste the acquaintances.

                                MERLI - MERLO (Lombardic)

                                Merli è presente in tutto il nord Italia, con un nucleo importante in Lombardia, Merlo, presente massicciamente in tutto il nord, presenta un forte nucleo in Piemonte ed in Lombardia, ma sono presenti anche ceppi in Sicilia. Questi cognomi potrebbero derivare da toponimi quali: Castelletto Merli (AL), Montemerlo (PD), Merlino (LO), o dal nome medioevale franco Merle.

                                Merlons are present in all the Italy north, with an important nucleus in Lombardy, Merlon, present massively in all the north, introduce a strong nucleus in Piemonte and Lombardy, but stocks in Sicily are present also. These last names could derive from toponimi which: Castelletto Merlons (To), Montemerlo (PD), Merlino (), or from the medioevale name frank Merle.

                                MERLIN - MERLINI (Lombardic)

                                Merlin è tipico del Veneto e della Lombardia occidentale, Merlini è presente in tutto il centro nord, potrebbero derivare da toponimi come Merlino (LO) o dal nome medioevale italiano Merlino, di quest'uso abbiamo un esempio nel Codice Diplomatico della Lombardia Medioevale a Lodi nel 1180: "...Interrogatus cui episcopo fuit data guadia, dixit quod in tempore Alberici de Merlino quondam episcopi fuit data guadia Marchesio de Fosadolto, gastoldo eius...".

                                Merlin is typical of the Veneto and of the western Lombardy, Merlini is present in all the center north, could derive from toponimi as Merlino () or from the medioevale name Italian Merlino, of this use has an example in the Diplomatic Code of the Lombardy Medioevale to Praises in 1180: "... given Interrogatus which episcopo fuit guadia, dixit quod in tempore Alberici de Merlino quondam episcopi fuit given guadia Marchesio de Fosadolto, gastoldo eius...".

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