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Corded Ware in SE Poland: Linderholm et al

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  • Corded Ware in SE Poland: Linderholm et al

    This paper came out in April of 2020, but apparently no one posted a link to it here. It's a good one, so here it is:

  • #2
    One thing I really like about the Linderholm paper is that it touches on the origin of the Corded Ware culture with what is called the CWC-X Horizon. This is from pages 2-3 of the paper's Supplementary Information:

    Originally posted by Anna Linderholm
    At the same time, the possibility that steppe communities dispersed into Małopolska regions was indicated - starting from the turn of the fourth and third millennium BCE. This phenomenon, called the "CWC-X horizon" [10, 13, 14], would precede the rather static formalisation of the CWC barrow ritual, i.e. the A horizon. Until recently, this was only a theoretical idea. Recently, this has been confirmed with the discovery of graves with skeletons coloured with ochre in burials at site 2 in Hubinek, dated to 3000-2900 BCE [15]: supplement; see also [16]. The barrow burials of the older phase of the CWC - both from Małopolska and from other regions of Europe - have not been the subject of archaeogenetic research so far.
    Besides the CWC-X site mentioned by Linderholm at Hubinek, there is another one a little farther southwest at Srednia dating to the same period (3000-2900 BC).

    Here is something on the same subject from Polish archaeologist and CWC expert Piotr Włodarczak, in his abstract, Eastern impulse in cultural and demographic changing during the ending southeastern Polish Eneolithic”, from the Abstract Book of the 2019 “Yamnaya Interactions” conference, University of Helsinki, 25-26 April 2019.

    Originally posted by Piotr Włodarczak
    In the IIIrd millennium BC, four stages of latitudinal relations stand out, resulting in changes in the funeral rite of the Małopolska communities:

    I – (ca. 3000-2900 BCE) Pre-Corded, related to the appearance of the oldest kurgan communities (horizon CWC-X),

    II – (ca. 2800-2600 BCE) associated with the oldest Corded Ware horizon (horizon CWC-A),

    III – (ca. 2600-2550 BCE) linked to the migration of Middle Dnieper groups and the appearance of features of Catacombnaya culture and

    IV – (ca. 2400/2300-2000 BCE) associated with the Bell Beakers ritual and the Mierzanowice (Early Bronze Age) communities.
    Interesting that the Papac et al paper found that the oldest of its Corded Ware samples in Bohemia were R1b-L51 and dated to the first century of the 3rd millennium BC.
    Last edited by Stevo; 10 June 2022, 03:33 PM.


    • #3
      The Corded Ware samples in this paper came from Włodarczak‘s Stage III above:

      Originally posted by Piotr Włodarczak
      . . . III - (ca. 2600-2550 BCE) linked to the migration of Middle Dnieper groups and the appearance of features of Catacombnaya culture . . .
      Linderholm said this about the influence of Middle Dnieper on Corded Ware in SE Poland during this period (pp.3-4 of the Supplementary 1 material):

      Originally posted by Anna Linderholm
      . . . [A]ttention was paid to the presence of the Middle Dnieper culture traits in Malopolska graves [21]. Firstly, ceramic vessels such as the typical biconical beakers of “eastern” origin were identified. Then, also similarities between the equipment of the deceased in the Malopolska zone and those in the basin of the upper and middle Dnieper River was [sic] found. It concerned the presence of flint arrowheads in the male burials and rich tool equipment that highlighted the association of the flint technologies of the deceased. Based on the new observations, it was assumed that the migration of the Middle Dnieper culture communities to the Malopolska was an impulse that shaped and changed the nature of the funeral ritual and creating thus, [sic] created the differences seen in the burial rites of other regions of Central Europe.
      The CW burials in Malopolska investigated by Linderholm et al were characterized by catacombs like those of the Catacombnaya Culture of the Pontic-Caspian region, which are also referred to as “niche burials”.

      Since all of the male CW remains in Linderholm et al were R1b-M269, most of them R1b-L151, it makes one wonder if L151 might be found in Middle Dnieper and Catacombnaya remains.
      Last edited by Stevo; 11 July 2022, 03:08 PM.


      • #4
        Let’s talk Corded Ware, okay?