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Updating the African human mitochondrial DNA tree: Relevance to forensic and populati

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  • Updating the African human mitochondrial DNA tree: Relevance to forensic and populati

    Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2016 Dec 31;27:156-159. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2016.12.016. [Epub ahead of print]
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28086175
    not open access
    Updating the African human mitochondrial DNA tree: Relevance to forensic and population genetics.
    Heinz T1, Pala M2, Gómez-Carballa A1, Richards MB2, Salas A3.

    Abstract
    Analysis of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation plays an important role in forensic genetic investigations, especially in degraded biological samples and hair shafts. There are many issues of the mtDNA phylogeny that are of special interest to the forensic community, such as haplogroup classification or the post hoc investigation of potential errors in mtDNA datasets. We have analyzed >2200 mitogenomes of African ancestry with the aim of improving the known worldwide phylogeny. More than 300 new minor subclades were identified, and the Time to the Most Recent Common Ancestor (TMRCA) was estimated for each node of the phylogeny. Phylogeographic details are provided which might also be relevant to forensic genetics. The present study has special interest for forensic investigations because current analysis and interpretation of mtDNA casework rest on a solid worldwide phylogeny, as is evident from the role that phylogeny plays in popular resources in the field (e.g. PhyloTree), software (e.g. Haplogrep 2), and databases (e.g. EMPOP). Apart from this forensic genetic interest, we also highlight the impact of this research in anthropological studies, such as those related to the reconstruction of the transatlantic slave trade.
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