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Old 6th February 2017, 04:25 AM
PNGarrison PNGarrison is offline
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East Eurasian ancestry in the middle of Europe: genetic footprints of Steppe nomads i

Sci Rep. 2016 Jul 25;6:30197. doi: 10.1038/srep30197.
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East Eurasian ancestry in the middle of Europe: genetic footprints of Steppe nomads in the genomes of Belarusian Lipka Tatars.
Pankratov V1, Litvinov S2,3, Kassian A4,5, Shulhin D6, Tchebotarev L7, Yunusbayev B3, Möls M8, Sahakyan H3,9, Yepiskoposyan L9, Rootsi S3, Metspalu E3,10, Golubenko M11, Ekomasova N12, Akhatova F12,13, Khusnutdinova E2,12, Heyer E14, Endicott P14, Derenko M15, Malyarchuk B15, Metspalu M3, Davydenko O1, Villems R3,10, Kushniarevich A1,3.\
Medieval era encounters of nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe and largely sedentary East Europeans had a variety of demographic and cultural consequences. Amongst these outcomes was the emergence of the Lipka Tatars-a Slavic-speaking Sunni-Muslim minority residing in modern Belarus, Lithuania and Poland, whose ancestors arrived in these territories via several migration waves, mainly from the Golden Horde. Our results show that Belarusian Lipka Tatars share a substantial part of their gene pool with Europeans as indicated by their Y-chromosomal, mitochondrial and autosomal DNA variation. Nevertheless, Belarusian Lipkas still retain a strong genetic signal of their nomadic ancestry, witnessed by the presence of common Y-chromosomal and mitochondrial DNA variants as well as autosomal segments identical by descent between Lipkas and East Eurasians from temperate and northern regions. Hence, we document Lipka Tatars as a unique example of former Medieval migrants into Central Europe, who became sedentary, changed language to Slavic, yet preserved their faith and retained, both uni- and bi-parentally, a clear genetic echo of a complex population interplay throughout the Eurasian Steppe Belt, extending from Central Europe to northern China.
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