Reconstructing the population history of the largest tribe of India: the Dravidian sp
Eur J Hum Genet. 2017 Feb 1. doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2016.198. [Epub ahead of print]
Reconstructing the population history of the largest tribe of India: the Dravidian speaking Gond.
Chaubey G1, Tamang R2,3, Pennarun E1, Dubey P4, Rai N5, Upadhyay RK6, Meena RP7, Patel JR4, van Driem G8, Thangaraj K5, Metspalu M1, Villems R1,9.
not open access
The Gond comprise the largest tribal group of India with a population exceeding 12 million. Linguistically, the Gond belong to the Gondi-Manda subgroup of the South Central branch of the Dravidian language family. Ethnographers, anthropologists and linguists entertain mutually incompatible hypotheses on their origin. Genetic studies of these people have thus far suffered from the low resolution of the genetic data or the limited number of samples. Therefore, to gain a more comprehensive view on ancient ancestry and genetic affinities of the Gond with the neighbouring populations speaking Indo-European, Dravidian and Austroasiatic languages, we have studied four geographically distinct groups of Gond using high-resolution data. All the Gond groups share a common ancestry with a certain degree of isolation and differentiation. Our allele frequency and haplotype-based analyses reveal that the Gond share substantial genetic ancestry with the Indian Austroasiatic (ie, Munda) groups, rather than with the other Dravidian groups to whom they are most closely related linguistically.European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 1 February 2017; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2016.198.
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